Penulis: BedjoSantoso **) and AlifiaNadhiraAdha***)
The global economy has been decreasing, almost all sovereign countries (including Indonesia) try to improve their ability to manage domestic economic resources in order to be able to survive due to the impact of the slowdown. Domestic economic resources for lagging or developing countries generally consist of renewable natural resources such as forestry, plantations, fisheries, agriculture and non-renewable resources such as coal, nickel, oil, gas and others. These natural resources are land-based, the management of which must be optimized by promoting effective and efficient and environmentally friendly so that these countries can survive and even improve competitiveness in the era of globalization and digitalization of information technology 4.0. By optimizing a country like Indonesia can turn problems into opportunities to win competition amid heavy economic competition.
Indonesia has abundant renewable natural resource wealth which can be a formidable economic capital including forests, plantations and farming / agriculture. Forest resources cover an area of + 130 million hectares of which around + 80 million hectares include production forests and around + 50 million hectares of protected and conservation forests. The production forest area is intended for natural forest business + 27 million hectares and plantation forest business + 12 million hectares, non-forestry business + 22 million hectares, and the rest is open access or unlicensed cultivation. Also the plantation area is + 14.03 million hectares (+11.67 million hectares including palm oil), and the agricultural / paddy area + 8.19 million hectares. The resilience of Indonesia’s natural resources is currently man made forests (plantatioan forests) and plantations (especially palm oil) due to the abundance of sunlight, rainfall, diversity of species so that productivity cannot be matched in other countries / regions. This causes competitors in other countries to be very afraid of the potential resilience of Indonesian plantations and palm oil plantations.
Meanwhile, the development of plantation forests in Indonesia faces various problems. One of the main problems related to the use of land resources in the development of plantations in production forest areas in Indonesia is that the land has been planted with palm oil by many people without a permit so that it has difficulties in its operations. The difficulty is compounded by the opinion that palm oil is damaging the environment. The opinion is basically unclear, but it was developed by the competitor of the palm oil head as well as other trade competition. There fore, in the development of plantation forests as well as empowering the community to improve competitiveness, Indonesia must be confident as a sovereign country to regulate the utilization of its natural resources through the optimization of land in production forest areas.